Mar 222018
 March 22, 2018  Posted by  Surveillance, U.S.


Amazon echo devices, called “Alexa” after the word used to “wake” the device, are becoming fixtures in every home. Potentially protected data is created when the user speaks to Alexa to purchase an item from Amazon, to search the internet, or to access music and book libraries. Alexa’s responses are also recorded by transcript. This data is stored on Amazon’s servers and can be accessed any time by the Alexa owner via the owner’s Amazon account. On December 4, 2015, a warrant was obtained and later served on Amazon requiring Amazon to turn over an Alexa owner’s data as part of a police investigation after the owner became a murder suspect. Amazon filed a motion to quash, citing First Amendment protections, but ultimately the matter was never adjudicated because the Alexa owner voluntarily turned the data over himself.

Questions regarding constitutional protections of Alexa data will surely surface again: Is Alexa data protected under the First Amendment? Is it protected by the Fourth Amendment? Which amendment protects it better? This Article will examine case law to answer these questions. The Article explains how Alexa data is created and stored, compares Fourth Amendment and First Amendment protections of Alexa data, considers weaknesses in constitutional protections, and proposes creating information fiduciaries to enhance the Fourth Amendment protection.

Citation and Download Information:

Melancon, Tara, ‘Alexa, Pick an Amendment’: A Comparison of Fourth and First Amendment Protections of Echo Device Data (February 28, 2018). Available at SSRN: or

Thanks to Joe Cadillic for submitting the link to this article.

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